An ecovillage (or eco-village, eco-place), is an agglomeration (rural or urban) aiming at self-sufficiency ( as much as possible) and where the priority is to consider Man and the environment as the heart of the matter. The guiding line is not to take from the earth more than we can give back.
The word ecovillage was born form the fusion of ecology and village. It's a widely term used to represent several community models. They try to integrate a mutual assistance social environment with the least impact on the ecosystem. To achieve this, several sustainable techniques are used such as permaculture, ecological building, green production, renewable energy, self-sufficient agriculture and so on.